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Apples of Aomori -major varieties-

There are approximately 15,000 varieties of apples in the world. In Japan there are about 2,000 varieties. About 50 varieties of apples are grown in Aomori, and 40 of them are shipped to market.

Natsumidori

varieties

Classification/Harvest Extremely early variety/early August
Flavor Sweet and moderately tart
Flesh/Juice Rather crunchy, dense, juicy
Size/Shape weighs 150 ~ 200 grams/oval
Skin Color Light pink stripes over a light green background. No stripes on under-ripe fruit
Parentage Kitakami × Meku10
Storage 10 days at room temperature. 3 weeks if stored in fridge right after harvest.
Barometer varieties

Kiou

varieties

Classification/Harvest Early Harvest/Early September
Flavor Less tart, tangy-sweet. Aromatic flavor and tasty.
Flesh/Juice Firm and coarse/Juicy
Size/Shape Weighs 300 grams, some over 400 grams. Round to round-heart shape
Skin Color Light green to yellow
Parentage Orin × Hatsuaki
Storage Approximately three weeks at room temperature. More than one month in the refrigerator.
Barometer varieties

Tsugaru

varieties

Classification/Harvest Early variety/Early to mid-September
Flavor Super-sweet, up to Brix 12 to 13.5%. Sweetness is enhanced by a slight tart flavor.
Flesh/Juice Crisp and Juicy
Size/Shape Weighs about 300 grams. Round to oval shape
Skin Color Red, colored in stripes.
Parentage Golden Delicious × Kougyoku
Storage One month at room temperature. Three months in refrigerator.
Barometer varieties

Toki

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid-variety/early October
Flavor Mildly sweet flavor. Aromatic, crispy and tasty
Flesh/Juice Firm, dense and juicy
Size/Shape Weighs 300 grams to 400 grams, varies in sizes. Round to off-round.
Skin Color Yellow overall but turns to light pink with sunshine.
Parentage Ourin × Fuji
Storage Approximately two months in refrigerator.
Barometer varieties

Kougyoku(Jonathan)

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid-variety, early October
Flavor A good sweet/tart balanced. Crisp and fragrant, very juicy
Flesh/Juice Crisp texture and firm/ juicy
Size/Shape About 200 grams/round
Skin Color Bright dark red, glossy
Parentage Believed to be closely related to the Esopus Spitzenburg apples of USA
Storage Approximately two months in refrigerator
Barometer varieties

Starking Delicious

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid variety/late October
Flavor A tangy-sweet flavor, crisp.
Flesh/Juice Coarse flesh/Juicy
Size/Shape 280 to 300 grams, oblong round.
Skin Color Dark red , colored in stripes.
Parentage A sport of Delicious.
Storage Approximately two months in refrigerator
Barometer varieties

Sekaiichi

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid-variety/Late October
Flavor Less tart, rich flavor
Flesh/Juice Rather firm, Juicy
Size/Shape 350 to 800 grams. Some exceed 1kg. Cone shape.
Skin Color Striped bright red
Parentage Delicious × Golden Delicious
Storage 3 to 4 months, refrigerated.
Barometer varieties

Jonagold

varieties
Un-bagged Jonagold

varieties
Bagged Jonagold

Classification/Harvest Mid-variety/Mid-October
Flavor A tangy-sweet flavor, crisp. Great for eating and processing
Flesh/Juice Coarse flesh/Juicy
Size/Shape 300 to 400 grams. Round to Oval
Skin Color Orange-tinted red, colored in stripes.
Parentage Golden Delicious × Kougyoku
Storage About 2 weeks at room temperature, 2 to 3 months in refrigerator.
Barometer varieties
varieties

Mutsu

varieties
Bagged Mutsu

varieties
Un-bagged Mutsu

Classification/Harvest Mid variety/late October
Flavor Crisp with a good sweet/sharp balance. Mellow fragrance.
Flesh/Juice Crunchy and pretty juicy
Size/Shape About 400 grams. Some exceed 1 kg. Oval-round
Skin Color The un-bagged Mutsu have a pale green, like Orin; while the bagged Mutsu are bright pinkish red.
Parentage Golden Delicious × Indo
Storage Keeps well in CA refrigerator for a long time. Marketed from late fall to early spring.
Barometer varieties

Daikouei

varieties

Classification/Harvest Late variety/late October
Flavor Birx 13 to 14% sweetness, but sweeter flavor for a lack of tartness.
Flesh/Juice Crisp texture and juicy.
Size/Shape 400 to 600 grams, round
Skin Color Dark red
Parentage Miki Life × unknown pollen
Storage Stores well
Barometer varieties

Orin

varieties

Classification/Harvest Late variety/early to mid November
Flavor Less tart, extremely sweet with aromatic fragrance
Flesh/Juice Dense and juicy
Size/Shape Approximately 300 grams, oblong round.
Skin Color Greenish yellow skin speckled with russet cracks and many dots.
Parentage Golden Delicious × Indo
Storage Stores well. Refrigerated ones will keep until the following spring.
Barometer varieties

Sun Fuji

varieties

Classification/Harvest Late variety/early to mid November.
Flavor Super-sweet with a honey component, crisp
Flesh/Juice Firm and coarse, juicy
Size/Shape 300 to 400 grams, round to oval
Skin Color Reddish pink, colored in stripes
Parentage Kokkou × Delicious
Storage Stores well until the end of February in regular refrigerator
Barometer varieties

Bagged Fuji

varieties

Classification/Harvest Late variety/early to mid November.
Flavor Super-sweet with a honey component, crisp
Flesh/Juice Firm and coarse, juicy
Size/Shape 300 to 400 grams, round to oval
Skin Color Reddish pink, colored in stripes
Parentage Kokkou × Delicious
Storage Stores well until August in CA refrigerator.
Barometer varieties

Kinsei

varieties
Bagged Kinsei

varieties
Un-bagged Kinsei

Classification/Harvest Late variety/early to mid November
Flavor Aromatically sweet, crispy
Flesh/Juice A little firm, juicy
Size/Shape 300 to 400 grams, round to oval
Skin Color Golden when bagged. Un-bagged ones have unclear and coarse skin speckled with dark and russet dots.
Parentage Golden Delicious × believed to be a delicious variety.
Storage About 5 months, un-bagged. About 7 months for the bagged ones.
Barometer varieties

Wasekei Fuji (Early harvest Fuji)

Wasekei Fuji is the variety that ripens earlier than other Fuji apples. It indicates the generic name of sports of Fuji variety. It includes Hirosaki Fuji, Yataka, Kourin,Benishougun,and Ryouka no kisetsu. They all taste similar to Fuji, which has superb flavor with proper sweet-tart combination.

Hirosaki Fuji

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid-variety/late September
Flavor Extremely sweet with a honey core, mildly tart.
Flesh/Juice Less crisp, juicy
Size/Shape 300 to 350 grams, 500 grams at its largest. Round to oval.
Skin Color Dark red, colored in stripes. Stripes disappear when the color gets dark.
Parentage A sport of Fuji
Storage One month in a regular refrigerator
Barometer varieties

Yataka

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid-variety/early October
Flavor Extremely sweet with a honey coret, less tart.
Flesh/Juice Dense, juicy
Size/Shape 350 to 450 grams. Round.
Skin Color Red, striped clearly
Parentage A sport of Fuji
Storage Approximately two weeks at room temperature
Barometer varieties

Kourin

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid variety/late September
Flavor Crisp, balanced sweet-tart with a honey core.
Flesh/Juice Firm and dense/juicy
Size/Shape 300 to 350 grams, round to oval.
Skin Color Red with stripes.
Parentage A sport of Fuji
Storage Approximately one month in the refrigerator
Barometer varieties

Benishougun

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid variety/late September
Flavor Well balanced sweet-tart, crisp.
Flesh/Juice Less crunchy, quite juicy,
Size/Shape 350 to 450 grams, round,
Skin Color Dark red
Parentage A sport of Yataka
Storage Approximately one month at room temperature, two months in refrigerator.
Barometer varieties

Ryouka no kisetsu

varieties

Classification/Harvest Mid variety/late September
Flavor Well balanced sweet-tart, crisp
Flesh/Juice Firm and juicy
Size/Shape 350 to 400 grams. Some weigh 500 grams. Round.
Skin Color Red and unclear stripes
Parentage An apomixis or a sport of Fuji
Storage Stores well
Barometer varieties

Bagged apples and Un-bagged apples

There are bagged apples and un-bagged apples when cultivating. The features for each one are as follows:

Bagged apples
aomori map

“Well-colored”, “better storage life”

Un-Bagged apples
aomori map

Generally, un-bagged apples are called “Sun so-and-so.” “Since they receive much more sunlight, they get sweeter.” “Without the labor of bagging and removing of bags, growers can cut some labor when producing.”

To the World

Aomori first started exporting apples to Vladirostok, Russia in 1899 (Meiji 32). Since then the export of apples has continued for over 100 years to great achievement. Toward the end of the Meiji era, Aomori exporters set up their headquarters in Shanghai, China and during the Taisho era, they exported 21% of their production. In 1941 21,000 tons of apples were exported.

Later there was a slump in exports; however, the Japan-Taiwan bilateral market access agreement, as well as Taiwan reducing tariffs and opening its markets in order to gain WTO (World Trade Organization) membership in 2002, resulted in the export of apples to Taiwan making rapid progress.

About 20,000 tons of apples are exported to Taiwan in recent years(95% of exported apples are from Aomori). Aomori began exporting apples to New Zealand in 1993, to America in 1995 and is now conducting market testing in China, so the people of China will be able to enjoy ‘Aomori apples’ in the very near future.

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